Periodontal gum disease

Periodontal gum disease Service


Periodontology or periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that studies for the supporting structures of teeth, as well as the diseases and conditions that can affect them. The supporting tissues of teeth are called as the periodontium, which includes the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament. A person who practices its study specialty is known as a periodontist.


Periodontal diseases take on many different forms but are usually a result of the joining or merging of the bacterial plaque biofilm accumulation of the red complex bacteria (e.g., P. gingivalis, T. forsythia, and T. denticola) of the gingiva and teeth, combined with the host immuno- inflammatory mechanisms and the other risk factors that can lead to destruction of the supporting bone around the natural teeth. Untreated, these diseases can lead to alveolar bone loss or it can also cause tooth loss.

Type of periodontal diseases-

Non-Surgical Treatments

Non-surgical periodontal treatment does have some limitations. When surgical methods would not be a good option for your periodontal health this will be the best.
- Scaling and Root Planning
- Tray Delivery Systems

Gum Graft Surgery

Gum grafts can be used to cover your roots or to develop gum tissue wherever it is absent due to excessive gingival recession. During gum graft surgery, you're we will take gum tissue from your palate or another donor source to cover the exposed root of your mouth. This can be done for one tooth or several teeth to even your gum line and to reduce sensitivity.

Laser Treatment

Laser treatment can be used to treat your periodontal diseases. Many types of research have shown that similar results have been found with the laser treatment compared to specific other treatment options, including scaling and root planning alone. Scaling and root planning is a traditional non-surgical therapy which is used to treat periodontal diseases.

Regenerative Procedures

During this procedure, we will fold back your gum tissue and we will also remove the disease-causing bacteria. Membranes, bone grafts or tissue-stimulating proteins can be used to encourage your body's natural ability to regenerate the bones and the tissues.

Eliminating the existence of bacteria and regeneration of the bones and tissues helps you to reduce the pocket depth and repairs the damage caused by the progression of periodontal diseases. With a combination of daily oral hygiene and professional maintenance care, you'll increase the chances of keeping your natural teeth – and the chances will decrease to happen other health problems associated with the periodontal disease.

Dental Crown lengthening

Your teeth may actually be of the proper lengths, but might be covered with too much gum tissue. To correct this, we perform a dental crown lengthening procedure. During the dental crown lengthening procedure, excess gums and bone tissues are reshaped to expose more of your natural tooth. This can be done to one tooth, to even your gum line, or to several teeth to expose a natural, and broad smile.

Dental Implants

A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or a dental bridge. Dental implants may be an option for people who have lost their tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reasons.

Pocket Reduction Procedures

When you have periodontal disease, the supporting tissues and bones have been destroyed, forming "pockets" around the teeth.

Over time, these pockets become deeper and deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to live. As bacteria develop around the teeth, they can accumulate and advance under the gum tissues. These deep pockets collect even more bacteria, which actually results in further bone and tissue loss. Eventually, if too much of bone is lost, the teeth will need to be extracted.

We will measure the depth of your pocket(s). A periodontal pocket reduction procedure has been recommended to you because the pockets you have are too deep to clean with daily at-home oral hygiene and a professional care routine.

During this procedure, we fold back the gum tissues and removes the disease-causing bacteria before securing the tissue into its place. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit the areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. This allows the gum tissue to better reattach to the healthy bones.

Plastic Surgery Procedures

We, the periodontists are often considered as the plastic surgeons of dentistry. If you are looking to improve your smile, a periodontist may be able to help you with this.
-Gummy Smile or Uneven Gum line
-Long Teeth/ Exposed Roots
-Indentations in the Gums and Jaw Bone


GUM DISEASES a serious gum infection that damages gums and can destroy the jawbone also.


Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis and can eventually lead to tooth loss and other dental problems.


Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal diseases. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed many of the times. It is usually little or no discomfort in this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with the help of professional treatments and good oral home care.

Factors that may cause to gingivitis includes diabetes, smoking, aging, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases and conditions like stress, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, substance abuse, and HIV infection.


untreated gingivitis can advance and then it can be changed into periodontitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow below your gum lines. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body, in essence, turns on itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between your teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissues and bones are been destroyed. Eventually, your tooth or teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.

There are many forms of periodontitis and the most common ones include the following.

• Aggressive periodontitis occurs in patients who are clinically healthy. The common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction.

• Chronic periodontitis results in the inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment, and bone loss. This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and it is also characterized by the pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva.

• Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases associated with the people having heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes. This has been observed in the young ages.

• Necrotizing periodontal disease is an infection most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition, and immunosuppression.


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